A simple technique for the replication of micro-optical elements is presented. Elastomeric material is used to realize a negative mold of the original optical element and UV-curing adhesive is used to make the replicated copy. Replicated elements, such as refractive and diffractive micro-optical elements, are produced. The refractive microlenses have a diameter of 970 μm and a height of 79 μm and the diffractive element is a multilevel blazed grating with a period of 64 μm. The characteristics of the replicated elements are measured using different methods. The deviation from a sphere of the original and the replicated refractive microlenses is 0.13λ and 0.12λ root mean square (rms), respectively. The replicated multilevel blazed grating has a diffraction efficiency of over 80%. An alternative method for realizing planoconcave microlenses from a planoconvex master is also presented. © 1998 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.