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Image Processing

Target-constrained interference-minimized approach to subpixel target detection for hyperspectral images

[+] Author Affiliations
Hsuan Ren, Chein-I Chang

Remote Sensing Signal and Image Processing Laboratory, Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland?21250

Opt. Eng. 39(12), 3138-3145 (Dec 01, 2000). doi:10.1117/1.1327499
History: Received Dec. 9, 1999; Revised July 24, 2000; Accepted July 28, 2000
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Abstract

Due to significantly improved spatial and spectral resolution, hyperspectral sensors can now detect many substances that cannot be resolved by multispectral sensors. However, this comes at the price that many unknown and unidentified signal sources, referred to as interferers, may also be extracted unexpectedly. Such interferers generally produce additional noise effects on target detection and must therefore be taken into account. The problem associated with this interference is challenging because its nature is generally unknown and it cannot be identified from an image scene. This paper presents an approach, called the target-constrained interference-minimized filter (TCIMF), which does not require one to identify interferers, but can minimize the effects caused by interference. It designs a finite-impulse-response filter that specifies targets of interest in such a way that the desired targets and undesired targets will be passed through and rejected by the filter, respectively; the filter output energy resulting from unknown signal sources is also minimized. More precisely, the TCIMF accomplishes three tasks simultaneously: detection of the desired targets, elimination of the undesired targets, and minimization of interfering effects. A recently developed technique, constrained energy minimization (CEM), can be considered as a suboptimal version of the TCIMF. Computer simulations and hyperspectral image experiments are conducted to demonstrate advantages of the TCIMF over the CEM. © 2000 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.

© 2000 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Hsuan Ren and Chein-I Chang
"Target-constrained interference-minimized approach to subpixel target detection for hyperspectral images", Opt. Eng. 39(12), 3138-3145 (Dec 01, 2000). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.1327499


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