Thin Films

Influence of deposition parameters on optical properties of TiO2 films

[+] Author Affiliations
K. Narasimha Rao

Indian Institute of Science, Department of Instrumentation, Bangalore?560?012, India E-mail: knrao@isu.iisc.ernet.in

Opt. Eng. 41(9), 2357-2364 (Sep 01, 2002). doi:10.1117/1.1496489
History: Received Dec. 12, 2001; Revised Feb. 22, 2002; Accepted Feb. 22, 2002; Online September 04, 2002
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Titanium dioxide is extensively used as high index material for multilayer optical thin film device applications operating in the visible and near infrared region. The performance (high reflectance/transmittance and laser-induced damage) of the device is decided by the absorption in the films. The refractive index and extinction coefficient of TiO2 films is strongly influenced by the deposition parameters and stoichiometry of the evaporation material. In the present investigation, TiO2 films have been deposited by reactive electron beam evaporation of TiO, Ti2O3, and TiO2 in a neutral and ionized oxygen atmosphere. A Heitmann-type discharge source has been fabricated in the laboratory and used to ionize oxygen. Deposition parameters such as oxygen partial pressure (5×105 to 5×104torr), rate of deposition (60 to 210Åmin1), and substrate temperature (25 to 250°C) were varied during the preparation of the films. The optical constants of TiO2 films were estimated from the spectrophotometer data. In-situ optical monitoring of TiO2 films with suboxides as the starting material showed the presence of considerable absorption in the films deposited in neutral oxygen, even under favorable deposition conditions. Postdeposition heating was necessary to reduce the absorption in the films. TiO2 films with minimum absorption have been made using TiO2 starting materials. Absorption-free films have also been obtained using ionized oxygen with the starting materials, even at higher substrate temperatures. The observed variation in optical properties has been explained on the basis of mismatches between the film growth and rate of oxidation. © 2002 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.

© 2002 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

K. Narasimha Rao
"Influence of deposition parameters on optical properties of TiO2 films", Opt. Eng. 41(9), 2357-2364 (Sep 01, 2002). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.1496489


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