Special Section on Integrated Optics

Ion-exchanged glass waveguide technology: a review

[+] Author Affiliations
Ari Tervonen

Aalto University, School of Electrical Engineering, Department of Micro and Nanosciences, P.O. Box 13500, FI-00076 Aalto, Espoo, Finland

Brian R. West

Wilfrid Laurier University, Department of Physics & Computer Science, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3C5, Canada

Seppo Honkanen

Aalto University, School of Electrical Engineering, Department of Micro and Nanosciences, P.O. Box 13500, FI-00076 Aalto, Espoo, Finland

Opt. Eng. 50(7), 071107 (March 29, 2011). doi:10.1117/1.3559213
History: Received November 24, 2010; Revised January 21, 2011; Accepted January 31, 2011; Published March 29, 2011; Online March 29, 2011
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We review the history and current status of ion exchanged glass waveguide technology. The background of ion exchange in glass and key developments in the first years of research are briefly described. An overview of fabrication, characterization and modeling of waveguides is given and the most important waveguide devices and their applications are discussed. Ion exchanged waveguide technology has served as an available platform for studies of general waveguide properties, integrated optics structures and devices, as well as applications. It is also a commercial fabrication technology for both passive and active wave-guide components.

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© 2011 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)

Citation

Ari Tervonen ; Brian R. West and Seppo Honkanen
"Ion-exchanged glass waveguide technology: a review", Opt. Eng. 50(7), 071107 (March 29, 2011). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.3559213


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