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Machine Vision, Pattern Recognition

Learning embedded lines of attraction by self organization for pose and expression invariant face recognition

[+] Author Affiliations
Ming-Jung Seow

BRS Labs, 2100 West Loop South, Houston, Texas 77027

Ann Theja Alex

University of Dayton, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, 300 College Park, Dayton, Ohio 45469-0232

Vijayan K. Asari

University of Dayton, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, 300 College Park, Dayton, Ohio 45469-0232

Opt. Eng. 51(10), 107201 (Oct 01, 2012). doi:10.1117/1.OE.51.10.107201
History: Received June 4, 2012; Revised August 17, 2012; Accepted September 10, 2012
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Abstract.  Algorithms that mimic the computation and learning capabilities of the human brain are feasible solutions to many information-processing problems. We present a theoretical model based on the observation that images of similar visual perceptions reside in a complex manifold in an image space. To model the pattern manifold, we present a novel learning algorithm using a recurrent neural network based on the behavior of the brain. In designing a recurrent neural network, convergence dynamics of the network needs special consideration. We propose to modify this picture: If the brain remembers by converging to the state representing familiar patterns, it should also diverge from such states when presented with an unknown encoded representation of a visual image belonging to a different category. Based on this, we have developed a self-organizing line attractor to learn new patterns. A nonlinear dimensionality reduction technique is used to embed the points to a lower dimensional space that preserves the intrinsic dimensionality and metric structure of the data to enable fast and accurate recognition. Experiments performed on UMIST, CMU AMP, FRGC version-2, Japanese female face expression, and Essex Grimace databases show the effectiveness of the proposed approach in accurate recognition of complex patterns.

Figures in this Article
© 2012 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Ming-Jung Seow ; Ann Theja Alex and Vijayan K. Asari
"Learning embedded lines of attraction by self organization for pose and expression invariant face recognition", Opt. Eng. 51(10), 107201 (Oct 01, 2012). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.51.10.107201


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