Lasers, Fiber Optics, and Communications

Bragg grating–based fiber laser vibration sensing system with novel phase detection

[+] Author Affiliations
Xiufeng Yang

Institute for Infocomm Research, 1 Fusionopolis Way, #21-01 Connexis (South Tower), Singapore 138632

Zhihao Chen

Institute for Infocomm Research, 1 Fusionopolis Way, #21-01 Connexis (South Tower), Singapore 138632

Ju Teng Teo

Institute for Infocomm Research, 1 Fusionopolis Way, #21-01 Connexis (South Tower), Singapore 138632

Soon Huat Ng

Institute for Infocomm Research, 1 Fusionopolis Way, #21-01 Connexis (South Tower), Singapore 138632

Opt. Eng. 53(1), 016109 (Jan 10, 2014). doi:10.1117/1.OE.53.1.016109
History: Received October 14, 2013; Revised December 2, 2013; Accepted December 10, 2013
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Abstract.  We characterized the dynamic response of a Bragg grating-based fiber laser sensing system. The sensing system comprises of a narrow line width fiber laser based on π-phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating formed in an active fiber, an unbalanced fiber Michelson interferometer (FMI), which performs wavelength-to-phase mapping, and a phase detection algorithm, which acquires the phase change from the interferometric output signal. The novel phase detection algorithm is developed based on the combination of the two traditional phase generated carrier algorithms: differential-cross-multiplying and arctangent algorithms, and possesses the advantages of the two algorithms. The modulation depth fluctuation of the carrier does not affect the performance of the sensing system. A relatively high side mode suppression ratio of above 50 dB has been achieved within a wide range of carrier amplitude from 1.6 to 5.0 V which correspond to the modulation depth from 1.314 to 4.106 rad. The linearity is 99.082% for the relationship between the power spectral density (dBm/Hz) of the detected signal and the amplitude (mv) of the test signal. The unbalanced FMI is used to eliminate the polarization effect.

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© 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Xiufeng Yang ; Zhihao Chen ; Ju Teng Teo and Soon Huat Ng
"Bragg grating–based fiber laser vibration sensing system with novel phase detection", Opt. Eng. 53(1), 016109 (Jan 10, 2014). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.53.1.016109


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