Materials, Photonic Devices, and Sensors

Fabrication and characterization of carbon/oxygen-implanted waveguides in Nd3+-doped phosphate glasses

[+] Author Affiliations
Chun-Xiao Liu, Rui-Lin Zheng, Wei Wei

Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, School of Optoelectronic Engineering, No. 9 Wenyuan Road, Yadong New District, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210230, China

Jun Xu

East China Jiaotong University, School of Information Engineering, No. 808 Shuanggang East Road, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330013, China

Li-Li Fu

Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, No. 9 Wenyuan Road, Yadong New District, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210230, China

Zhi-Guang Zhou, Wei-Nan Li, Hai-Tao Guo

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics, State Key Laboratory of Transient Optics and Photonics, No.17 Xinxi Road, New Industrial Park, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710119, China

She-Bao Lin

Baoji University of Arts and Sciences, Institute of Physics & Optoelectronics Technology, No. 44 Baoguang Road, Baoji, Shaanxi 721007, China

Opt. Eng. 54(6), 067106 (Jun 19, 2015). doi:10.1117/1.OE.54.6.067106
History: Received March 3, 2015; Accepted May 12, 2015
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Abstract.  Optical planar waveguides in Nd3+-doped phosphate glasses are fabricated by a 6.0-MeV carbon ion implantation with a dose of 6.0×1014ions/cm2 and a 6.0-MeV oxygen ion implantation at a fluence of 6.0×1014ions/cm2, respectively. The guided modes and the corresponding effective refractive indices were measured by a modal 2010 prism coupler. The refractive index profiles of the waveguides were analyzed based on the stopping and range of ions in matter and the RCM reflectivity calculation method. The near-field light intensity distributions were measured and simulated by an end-face coupling method and a finite-difference beam propagation method, respectively. The comparison of optical properties between the carbon-implanted waveguide and the oxygen-implanted waveguide was carried out. The microluminescence and Raman spectroscopy investigations reveal that fluorescent properties of Nd3+ ions and glass microstructure are well preserved in the waveguide region, which suggests that the carbon/oxygen-implanted waveguide is a good candidate for integrated photonic devices.

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© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Chun-Xiao Liu ; Jun Xu ; Li-Li Fu ; Rui-Lin Zheng ; Zhi-Guang Zhou, et al.
"Fabrication and characterization of carbon/oxygen-implanted waveguides in Nd3+-doped phosphate glasses", Opt. Eng. 54(6), 067106 (Jun 19, 2015). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.54.6.067106


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