Materials, Photonic Devices, and Sensors

Study on light extraction efficiency of light-emitting diodes having periodically corrugated enhancement structures with different duty cycles

[+] Author Affiliations
Hao Ming Ku, Huei Tsz Wang, Chen Yang Huang, Huang Wei Pan, Shiuh Chao

National Tsing Hua University, Institute of Photonics Technologies, Department of Electrical Engineering, No.101, Section 2, Kuangfu Road, East District, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan

Opt. Eng. 55(2), 027103 (Feb 04, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.OE.55.2.027103
History: Received November 3, 2015; Accepted January 7, 2016
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Abstract.  The duty cycle effect on the light extraction efficiency of light-emitting diodes having different periodically corrugated enhancement structures placed opposite to the emission surface was studied. The experimental results were compared with numerical simulation results. The numerical simulation was performed using a rigorous-coupled-wave-analysis method. In the case of common structures such as a patterned-sapphire structure, we found that, in general, extraction efficiency increased drastically when duty cycle was increased from zero, and then it varied relatively slowly as the duty cycle was increased further; after that, the extraction efficiency dropped drastically as the duty cycle approached 100%. However, for a structure that was composed of autocloned-photonic crystals super-imposing on the periodical corrugation, the efficiency increased monotonically with the duty cycle and reached 83.4% (corresponding to 589% enhancement efficiency) when the duty cycle approached 100%. A method for the fabrication of such high-efficiency structures was proposed.

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© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Hao Ming Ku ; Huei Tsz Wang ; Chen Yang Huang ; Huang Wei Pan and Shiuh Chao
"Study on light extraction efficiency of light-emitting diodes having periodically corrugated enhancement structures with different duty cycles", Opt. Eng. 55(2), 027103 (Feb 04, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.55.2.027103


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