Special Section on Speckle-Based Metrology

Monitoring of growth dynamics of plants under the influence of cadmium using a highly sensitive interferometry technique

[+] Author Affiliations
Kokge Thilini Kanchana Muthumali De Silva

Saitama University, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, 255 Shimo-okubo, Sakura-ku, Saitama-shi, Saitama 338-8570, Japan

University of Ruhuna, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Wakwella Road, Hapugala, Galle 80000, Sri Lanka

Uma Maheswari Rajagopalan

Toyo University, Faculty of Food Life Science, 1-1-1 Izumino, Itakura-machi, Ora-gun, Gunma-ken 374-0113, Japan

Hirofumi Kadono

Saitama University, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, 255 Shimo-okubo, Sakura-ku, Saitama-shi, Saitama 338-8570, Japan

Opt. Eng. 55(12), 121718 (Jul 25, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.OE.55.12.121718
History: Received April 30, 2016; Accepted July 1, 2016
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Abstract.  Using statistical interferometry technique (SIT), a highly sensitive interferometry technique developed in our laboratory, we reported about the existence of nanometric intrinsic fluctuations (NIF) in a variety of plants. SIT permits noncontact, noninvasive, and fast detection of plant growth fluctuations in subnanometer scale. We propose the application of NIF to investigate the effect of heavy metal, cadmium, on growth dynamics of Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum). NIFs of leaves were observed for 3 days under four different concentrations of CdCl2: 0, 0.001, 0.01, and 0.1 mM. Results showed significant reduction of NIFs within 4 h for all Cd concentrations, and there was a further decrease with the exposure time of Cd under 0.1 and 0.01 mM. In addition, under 0.001 mM, a significant recovery could be observed after a rapid reduction in the first 4 h. As a comparison, measured antioxidative enzymes increased with increasing Cd concentration. However, no significant increase could be seen within the initial 4 h under a smaller concentration of 0.001 mM as seen for NIFs. The results imply that NIF can be used as an indicator for heavy metal stress on plants as well as it can be more sensitive to detect the influence of smaller Cd amounts on plants at an early stage.

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© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Kokge Thilini Kanchana Muthumali De Silva ; Uma Maheswari Rajagopalan and Hirofumi Kadono
"Monitoring of growth dynamics of plants under the influence of cadmium using a highly sensitive interferometry technique", Opt. Eng. 55(12), 121718 (Jul 25, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.55.12.121718


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