Materials, Photonic Devices, and Sensors

Multipoint refractive index and temperature fiber optic sensor based on cascaded no core fiber-fiber Bragg grating structures

[+] Author Affiliations
Cheng Zhang, Shan Xu, Junfa Zhao, Hongqiang Li, Hua Bai, Changyun Miao

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Detection Technology and Systems, Tianjin, China

Tianjin Polytechnic University, School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Tianjin, China

Opt. Eng. 56(2), 027102 (Feb 06, 2017). doi:10.1117/1.OE.56.2.027102
History: Received October 24, 2016; Accepted January 10, 2017
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Abstract.  A multipoint fiber optic sensor based on two cascaded multimode interferometer (MMI) and fiber Bragg grating (FBG) structures is proposed and demonstrated for simultaneous measurement of refractive index (RI) and temperature. The MMI is fabricated by splicing a section of no-core fiber (NCF) with two single-mode fibers. The suitable NCF lengths of 19.1 and 38.8 mm are selected by simulations to achieve wavelength division multiplexing. The two MMIs are sensitive to RI and temperature with the maximal RI sensitivities of 429.42228 and 399.20718  nm/RIU in the range of 1.333 to 1.419 and the temperature sensitivities of 10.05 and 10.22  pm/°C in the range of 26.4°C to 100°C, respectively. However, the FBGs are only sensitive to the latter with the sensitivities of 10.4 and 10.73  pm/°C. Therefore, dual-parameter measurement is obtained and cross-sensitivity issue can be solved. The distance between the two sensing heads is up to 12 km, which demonstrates the feasibility of long-distance measurement. During measurement, there is no mutual interference to each sensing head. The experimental results show that the average errors of RI are 7.61×104  RIU and 6.81×104  RIU and the average errors of temperature are 0.017°C and 0.012°C, respectively. This sensor exhibits the advantages of high RI sensitivity, dual-parameter and long-distance measurement, low cost, and easy and repeatable fabrication.

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© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Cheng Zhang ; Shan Xu ; Junfa Zhao ; Hongqiang Li ; Hua Bai, et al.
"Multipoint refractive index and temperature fiber optic sensor based on cascaded no core fiber-fiber Bragg grating structures", Opt. Eng. 56(2), 027102 (Feb 06, 2017). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.56.2.027102


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