Imaging Components, Systems, and Processing

Estimation of cylinder orientation in three-dimensional point cloud using angular distance-based optimization

[+] Author Affiliations
Yun-Ting Su, James S. Bethel

Purdue University, Lyles School of Civil Engineering, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States

Shuowen Hu

U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Adelphi, Maryland, United States

Opt. Eng. 56(5), 053106 (May 16, 2017). doi:10.1117/1.OE.56.5.053106
History: Received January 10, 2017; Accepted April 26, 2017
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Abstract.  Light detection and ranging (LIDAR) has become a widely used tool in remote sensing for mapping, surveying, modeling, and a host of other applications. The motivation behind this work is the modeling of piping systems in industrial sites, where cylinders are the most common primitive or shape. We focus on cylinder parameter estimation in three-dimensional point clouds, proposing a mathematical formulation based on angular distance to determine the cylinder orientation. We demonstrate the accuracy and robustness of the technique on synthetically generated cylinder point clouds (where the true axis orientation is known) as well as on real LIDAR data of piping systems. The proposed algorithm is compared with a discrete space Hough transform-based approach as well as a continuous space inlier approach, which iteratively discards outlier points to refine the cylinder parameter estimates. Results show that the proposed method is more computationally efficient than the Hough transform approach and is more accurate than both the Hough transform approach and the inlier method.

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© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Yun-Ting Su ; Shuowen Hu and James S. Bethel
"Estimation of cylinder orientation in three-dimensional point cloud using angular distance-based optimization", Opt. Eng. 56(5), 053106 (May 16, 2017). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.56.5.053106


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