Imaging Components, Systems, and Processing

Initial study of Schroedinger eigenmaps for spectral target detection

[+] Author Affiliations
Leidy P. Dorado-Munoz, David W. Messinger

Rochester Institute of Technology, Center for Imaging Science, Digital Imaging and Remote Sensing Laboratory, 54 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, New York 14623, United States

Opt. Eng. 55(8), 083101 (Aug 02, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.OE.55.8.083101
History: Received April 3, 2016; Accepted July 11, 2016
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Abstract.  Spectral target detection refers to the process of searching for a specific material with a known spectrum over a large area containing materials with different spectral signatures. Traditional target detection methods in hyperspectral imagery (HSI) require assuming the data fit some statistical or geometric models and based on the model, to estimate parameters for defining a hypothesis test, where one class (i.e., target class) is chosen over the other classes (i.e., background class). Nonlinear manifold learning methods such as Laplacian eigenmaps (LE) have extensively shown their potential use in HSI processing, specifically in classification or segmentation. Recently, Schroedinger eigenmaps (SE), which is built upon LE, has been introduced as a semisupervised classification method. In SE, the former Laplacian operator is replaced by the Schroedinger operator. The Schroedinger operator includes by definition, a potential term V that steers the transformation in certain directions improving the separability between classes. In this regard, we propose a methodology for target detection that is not based on the traditional schemes and that does not need the estimation of statistical or geometric parameters. This method is based on SE, where the potential term V is taken into consideration to include the prior knowledge about the target class and use it to steer the transformation in directions where the target location in the new space is known and the separability between target and background is augmented. An initial study of how SE can be used in a target detection scheme for HSI is shown here. In-scene pixel and spectral signature detection approaches are presented. The HSI data used comprise various target panels for testing simultaneous detection of multiple objects with different complexities.

© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Leidy P. Dorado-Munoz and David W. Messinger
"Initial study of Schroedinger eigenmaps for spectral target detection", Opt. Eng. 55(8), 083101 (Aug 02, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.55.8.083101


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